Paika name is coined using the Sanskrit word ‘Padatika’ which means infantry. Paika dance is a form of martial arts dance that is performed in the tribal area of Mayurbhanj.
Performance—for this dance, the grounds are prepared with soft earth pattered with oil and water. Men, wearing colorful turbans and tight dhotis come to the grounds to perform as warriors. They stand in two rows and enact a scene of fierce combat. Earlier the specially made grounds were called Paika akhadas which were the village gymnasium where people used to come in the evening.